Every generation of mobile and wireless communication technology seems to last a decade. We are fortunate in recent times to browse the internet, make calls and send text messages to friends and family everyday. So what’s the next generation?
5G or Fifth-Generation is the latest technology in mobile networks and promises to be 100 times faster than 4G which most people have been using for the past decade. 5G is an entirely new network designed to connect virtually everything and everyone together like smart devices, vehicles or even industrial machinery. This new technology will coexist with the current 4G until coverage is expanded worldwide significantly but it will eventually evolve into a standalone network that operates independently. Interesting right? Grab a hot cup of coffee and continue reading. How does 5G work is probably the question most people ask and you too?
5G signals operate with untapped radio frequencies between 600 MHz and 6 GHz which is an spectrum 4G LTE also shares but high band 5G is light years ahead of 4G with signals ranging from 24 GHz to 86 GHz resulting in faster data rates and low latency of 1ms. This sounds so confusing for a newbie or someone new to mobile communications. Don’t worry. Let’s make it a bit simple to understand. Your current smartphone or device operates on 4G or possibly 3G network as a service from your mobile carrier like AT&T, China Mobile or MTN. 5G will be 10x faster than your 4G network and 100x faster than your 3G network. You will be able to download an entire tv show like Money Heist in a minute or two. How cool is that? Every technology throughout human history has limitations and 5G is not an exception.
5G technology uses beamforming as a way to send signals to a device in close range. The closer the range, the higher the frequency signals meaning unlike the current 4G LTE, signals don’t travel far resulting into low network coverage but slightly higher than 4G. This means mobile providers have to install a large amount of small cell towers on the streets, neighborhoods, cities and towns in close proximity for consumers to actually deliver the network for fast data rate speeds and low latency. Since the consumer with no small cell tower installed in their neighborhood, GEOLOCATION plays an important role to help the consumer discover all small cell towers access points on map. Once the consumer is in range with any tower, they will be able to access high bandwidth of data rates with amazing speed results and overcome this hurdle until their mobile provider installs a convincing amount of small cell towers in their neighborhood or street.
That’s it folks. Make sure to follow my social media pages Twitter @justmahama and Instagram @iamjamilmm for more tech related stuff. Thank You!